ESAD EFENDI
.

Hocazade Esad Efendi was one of famous Ottoman Sehulislams (Minister of Islamic Issues). He was born in Istanbul, in 1570. He was educated by his father and famous scholar Molla Tevfik Gialni. At first he attended the place as an apprentice officer (mulazim), later in 1588, he took haseki rank and became the personal bodyguard of the Sultan. In 1590, he was designated to Suleymaniye Medresesi (Suleymaniye School) and in July,1593 Darulhadise (information office). Later, he became the kadi (islamic judge) of Edirne. He was promoted in a short time, by his fatherís influence in the Palace and he was designated to the Kazasker rank (chief military judge). After his father became the Sehyulislam, he became the kadi of Istanbul. From February 1604 to January 1605 and June 1606 to April 1608 he was designated to be the kazasker (chief military judge) of Roumelia, for two times. In July 1615, he replaced his elder brother Mehmed Efendi and became the Seyhulislam (minister of Islamic Issues).

After the death of Sultan Ahmed I, he played an important role in Sultan Mustafa Iís accession and he gained Shehzade Osmanís (Sultan Osman II) anger. As soon as, Osman II came to the throne he limited Esad Efendiís authority. Esat Efendi joined the Hotin campaign although, it was not traditional for a Seyhulislam to join a campaign. Sultan Osman II wanted to marry Esat Efendiís daughter. At first, Esad Efendi disapproved this marriage but, later he gave permission. In spite of this kinship, Sultanís antipathy against Esat Efendi continued. An important revolt was begun against the reforms of Sultan Osman II and Esad Efendi supported the rebels by his fetvas (Cannon Laws). But, he was against Sultan Mustafaís sultanate. Although he tired to save Sultan Osmanís life he could not hinder his execution. To protest the revolt, Esat Efendi did not attend the funeral of his son in law and resigned from his duty. One year later, Sultan Murad IV appointed him to be the Seyhulislam for the second time. He died on 22nd May 1625.

He wrote poems in three languages, and he had a collection named Kaside-i Burdeye.

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